Wing Chun, the culture of Chinese martial arts – AZERTAC

Baku, April 13, AZERTAC

Wing Chun is one of the youngest and most contemporary styles of Kung Fu, having been constantly refined and adapted over its 300 years of existence.

Considered one of the three great styles of martial arts in southern China, it was founded in the Qing Dynasty by a Buddhist nun, Ng Mui, of the famous Shaolin Temple. Ng Mui, one of the top five fighters at the time, aimed to design a more efficient method of fighting that didn’t rely on brute force to be effective.

Legend has it that she found her inspiration after witnessing a fight between a stork and a large rodent where the stork was able to fend off the rodent’s attacks by using its wings and legs to simultaneously attack and defend itself. She named her new Wing Chun style (which translates to “Eternal Spring”) after one of her best students, Yim Wing Chun, who used it to defend himself against an unwanted suitor.

Wing Chun differed greatly from other Kung Fu styles of the time in its theory, movement structure, and means of generating force. It was not based on imitation (like directly copying animal movements), but on natural and scientific laws, eliminating unnecessary movements to overcome and generate force in the most efficient way.

Compared to other traditional martial arts, Wing Chun is more focused on quick movements to defeat opponents and minimize damage. Major fist moves include Siu Nim Tau (Little Idea), Chum Kiu (Seeking Bridge), Biu Ji (Thrusting Fingers), and Muk Yan Jong (Wooden Dummy). The exercise known as Chi Sau is a typical training format, with practitioners fighting at close quarters.

Wing Chun is one of the widely transmitted traditional martial arts in Macao, which is also a good example of the continuity of Chinese martial arts culture. The focus is on promoting physical fitness, as well as health benefits and self-defense skills, but there is also a conceptual aspect to this practice emphasizing the connection between people and nature. Pursuing the cultivation of traditional Chinese martial arts also reveals important elements that have significant value for cultural studies.

Grand Master Yip Man (Ip Man)

Over the years, Wing Chun was only passed on to a small number of dedicated students. Yim Wing Chun taught it to her husband, Leung Bok Chau, who in turn passed on the knowledge to Leung Yee Tai and Wong Wah Bo. Leung Yee Tai then taught Leung Jan, who then taught his son, Leung Bik, and Chan Wah Shun. These two practitioners taught Yip Man, who became a legend in martial arts circles and is still talked about today.

Grandmaster Yip Man is credited with saving Wing Chun from being wiped out during China’s Cultural Revolution by migrating to Hong Kong in 1948 and introducing the style to the general public. Recognized as a teacher and an invincible fighter, he is considered to have refined and perfected the system. The stories and legends of Ip Man have become famous, inspiring many books and films. His legacy was carried on by his sons, Ip Ching and Ip Chun, and famous martial artists such as Wong Shun Leung, Leung Sheung, William Cheung, Hawkins Cheung, Ho Kam-Ming, Duncan Leung, Victor Kan Wah Chit, Leung Ting , Bruce Lee, Jiu-Wan and Moy Yat. In the following sections, we will learn more about Sifus Jiu Wan and Moy Yat, which are the lineages on which the Wing Chun Concepts course is based.

Grandmaster Chu Shong Tin was one of Yip Man’s first students, having begun his training in 1951, and became one of his main instructors. Recognized during his early years as the “King of Siu Nim Tau”, he is today the world’s leading authority on Wing Chun Kung Fu.

Grandmaster Jim Fung, who became a student of Grandmaster Chu in 1960, was one of the few Wing Chun practitioners over the years who learned the entire Wing Chun system and reached the level of ability and understanding to be recognized as a great master.

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