What does lack of exercise mean for your body?
While the exercise routine can be flexible and personal, not exercising at all can be harmful to your health. Not only does it help a person to stay physically active and healthy, exercise also ensures their mental well-being which, in the pandemic, has been prioritized.
Amol Naikawadi, Co-Managing Director and Preventive Health Care Specialist at Indus Health Plus, says indianexpress.com that sport, along with fitness and genes, can help build and strengthen a person’s immunity.
âWe’ve seen and heard a lot of conversations about the immediate effects of exercise, but the lesser known fact is that it can help us fight bacteria, viruses and other pathogens. An exercise routine can remove bacteria from our internal airways, increase antibodies and make them more robust, improve blood circulation and reduce stress hormones like cortisol, adrenaline, âhe explains.
Naikawadi also says moderate but consistent and regular exercise can do wonders for the body. âLocomotion and movement are essential. In addition to helping with immunity, they reduce inflammation in the body, lower blood sugar, help maintain a healthy weight, prevent lifestyle-related diseases, thereby promoting longevity.
The most effective fitness activities, he says, include heavy exercise and fast walk, cycling and running. âThese are enough to circulate more immune cells. “
But what happens when there is no exercise at all?
According to Naikawadi, no exercise will lead to a weaker immune system and make our bodies more susceptible to different types of infections. Besides affecting our immune system, it will also increase the risk of obesity, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and other non-communicable diseases.
âDon’t force your body to do high intensity workouts on day one or if you’ve just recovered from an illness. Practice within your constraints. The best way to monitor your physical condition would be to monitor the number of steps you have taken, âhe warns.
What about genetic traits for fitness?
Naikawadi adds that sometimes our body may not respond well to exercise, and that’s because of the genes.
âSome people get tired easily from light workouts and others gain weight despite a heavy fitness regimen. Each individual has a different response to various forms of exercise and sport which in part depends on genes. Understanding your genetic pattern can help you build a fitness plan that works best for your body, âhe says.
You can find out the impact of exercise on your weight and various other physiological processes such as:
– Blood pressure response to exercise
– HDL cholesterol levels with exercise
– Insulin sensitivity with exercise
– Hand grip strength
– Weight loss with exercise
Additionally, to understand what type of exercise is best for you, a genetic / DNA test can guide you. Sports genomics, a relatively new concept, studies the genetic makeup or architecture that contributes to an athlete’s performance, explains Naikawadi.