Exercising after a heart attack helps save your life
Daily exercise or physical activity after a heart attack has been shown to save your life.
A study by the European Society of Cardiology suggested that becoming more physically active after a heart attack reduces the risk of death within a few years.
“It is well known that physically active people are less likely to have a heart attack and more likely to live longer,” said lead author Örjan Ekblom. “However, we didn’t know the impact of exercise on people after a heart attack.”
This study involved 22,227 patients in Sweden who had a myocardial infarction between 2005 and 2013. It was assessed by the association between physical activity and survival after a heart attack.
Levels of physical exercise have been reported 6 to 10 weeks and 12 months after the heart attack. The difference in responses was seen as a change in physical activity in the year following the heart attack.
Patients were asked how often they had exercised for 30 minutes or more in the previous seven days. Patients were classified as constantly inactive, reduced activity, increased activity, or constantly active.
A total of 1087 patients died during a mean follow-up of 4.2 years. The researchers analyzed the association between the four categories of physical activity and death, after adjusting for age, sex, smoking and clinical factors.
Compared to patients who were constantly inactive, the risk of death was 37%, 51%, and 59% lower, respectively, in patients in the reduced activity, increased activity, or constantly active categories.
Ekblom said: “Our study shows that patients can reduce their risk of death by becoming physically active after a heart attack. Patients who reported being physically active 6-10 weeks after the heart attack but became inactive afterwards appear to have benefit. But of course, the benefits for active people are even greater if they stay physically active. “
The study improved the evidence for healthcare professionals and policymakers to accurately promote physical activity in heart attack patients.
“Exercising twice or more per week should be automatically recommended to patients with heart attacks in the same way they are given advice on quitting smoking, improving their diet and reducing stress,” a- he added.
“Our study shows that this advice applies to all heart attack patients,” he continued. “Exercise has reduced the risk of death in patients with large and small myocardial offenses, and for smokers and non-smokers, for example.”
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